In Chicago in 1969, Fred Hampton of the Black Panther Party founded the original Rainbow Coalition, an anti-racist, anti-class multicultural organization in coalition with the Young Patriots Organization and the Young Lords, and soon including various socialist groups., SDS, the Brown Berets, AIM, and the Red Guard Party. They participated in protests and street actions and teamed up to fight against poverty, corruption, racism, police brutality, and bad housing conditions. They worked to negotiate treaties to end gang violence. In later years, the same name was used for more moderate organizations.
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